The term information pathology

the line between good and bad
(about decison making)

The intrusion of reality into the game - information pathologies further constrain bounded rationality

The starting point of all considerations on the decision-making behaviour of individuals is the concept of bounded rationality (Simon, 1976). Cognitive limits to information intake and processing prevent the individual from making objectively rational decisions. People strive to act in an intentionally rational manner, as evidenced by the pursuit of the so-called ideal of rationality. The focus on facts and figures may push differently interpretable contexts of an issue into the background. Wilensky assumed that the main cause of information pathologies was rooted in the ideal of rationality.
Several information pathologies can reinforce each other in their effect. Empirical evidence has shown that innovation success is almost impossible when information pathologies become entrenched. Therefore, it is important to address information pathologies at different levels...

An extensive empirical study was able to show that the use of power is a major cause of information pathologies (Scholl, 1999).
The use of power has a negative effect on knowledge growth.

https://scilogs.spektrum.de/psychologie-des-alltags/informationspathologien/
Scholl, W. (2004): "Innovation and Information. How new knowledge is produced in companies", Göttingen: Hogrefe. Kieser, A. (2006, 6th edition): "Organisationstheorien", Stuttgart: Kohlhammer

And people tend to be influenced by their unconscious desires, needs and conflicts in everyday life. But power precisely consists in controlling the acquisition, possession and application of information. By increasing self-awareness and teaching knowledge concepts, the perception of information pathologies can be sharpened.

See the next pages: